Intellectual Property Laws (patents & plant variety protection) in Sub-Saharan Africa

African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) – (Governs Botswana, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Somalia and Zimbabwe)
Harare Protocol and the implementing regulations

African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI) - (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Togo)
Agreement Revising the Bangui Agreement of March 2, 1977
Regulations Under the Agreement Revising the Bangui Agreement of March 2, 1977 on the Creation of an African Intellectual Property Organization

Patents Law No. 3/92 of February 28, 1992

Industrial Property Act, 2010

Law No. 20 of August 1964 on Patents
Law No. 1/13 of July 28th, 2009 on Industrial Property

Industrial property Chapter 95:03Act 12 of 1989
The Gambia Regulations 95:3 of 2010

Patents Act, 2003 (Act 657)

Industrial Property Act (No. 3 of 2001)
Industrial Property Regulations, 2002
Industrial Property Tribunal Rules, 2002
Seeds and Plant Varieties Act (Chapter 326)
Seeds and Plant Varieties (Seeds) Regulations, 2009
Seeds and Plant Varieties (National Performance Trials) Regulations, 2009 (Legal Notice No. 25)

Industrial Property Order, 1989 (Order No. 5 of 1989, as last amended by Act No. 4 of 1997)
Lesotho Patents Regulations-Industrial property regulations 1989

The Industrial Property Act 2003

Ordinance No. 89-019 Establishing Arrangements for the Protection of Industrial Property (of July 31, 1989)
Decree No. 92-993 Implementing Ordinance No. 89-019 of July 31, 1989

Law of Patents Chapter 49:02
Patents Regulations 49:02

The Patents, Industrial Designs and Trademarks Act No. 25 of 2002
Patents, Industrial Designs and Trademarks Regulations 45 of  2004

Industrial Property Code (Decree Nr. 04/2006 of 12 April 2006)
New Plant Varieties Decree (No. 58 of 2006)

Patents, Designs, Trademarks and Copyright Act 9 of 1916

The Patent and Designs Act, Chapter 344 of 1990
Patent Rules under Section 30 of December 1971
Patents and Designs (Additional Transitional and Saving Provisions) Order under paragraph 7 of 1972
Patents and Designs (conventional countries) Order under section27 (1) of 1971

Law of the Protection of Intellectual Property No 31/2009 of 26/10/2009

Patents Act Chapter 156 of 1991

Patents Law No. 58 of 1971
Design Law No. 18 of 1974


Patents, Utility Models and Industrial Designs Act No. 6 of 1997

South Africa
Patent Act (No. 57 of 1978)
Patent Regulations, 1978
Patent Examination Regulations, 2003
Notice in terms of Regulation 2 of the Patents Regulations
Plant Breeders’ Rights Act (No.15 of 1976)
Plant Breeders’ Rights Amendment Act, 1996 (No. 673)

Patents Act (No. 1 of 1987)
Plant Breeders Rights Act (No. 22 of 2002)

Patents Act (Chapter 216)
Patents (Amendment) Act, 2002
The Trade Secrets Protection Act, 2009

Patent Law Cap 400
The Patents (Amendment) Regulations, 1981
The Patent Amendment No 26 of December 1987
Patents Regulations Section 96
Patent Rules Section 81 (Appeals)
Plant Breeders Rights Act No.18 of 2007

Patents Act chapter 26:03 of 1971
Plant Breeders Rights Act 18:16 of 1973

Harare Patent Protocol
Regulations for Implementing the Protocol on Patents and Industrial Designs Within the Framework of the African Regional Industrial Property Organization (ARIPO)

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